Tell me about glaucoma

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerves. Your eyes tell your brain what you see via your optic nerves. Each optic nerve contains over a million nerve fibres. A healthy optic nerve enables accurate vision.

In glaucoma, one or both optic nerves are damaged which affects what your brain can ‘see’. Unfortunately, this damage is permanent. Optic nerve damage can result in missing areas of vision. So, a person with glaucoma might miss things.

What causes glaucoma?

Nobody knows exactly what causes glaucoma. But the main risk factors are:

High Eye Pressure

Older Age

Family History

African Descent

Age, family history and African descent are factors you can’t control. But ‘high eye pressure‘ is something you may be able to control.